Periodontal disease is a common, progressive destruction of the supporting structures of your teeth, namely the gums, and the underlying alveolar bone. Bacteria, plaque, and calculus contribute to infection and inflammatory reactions that gradually destroy your soft tissues and spread to the underlying jawbone if not treated on time. 

Houston Texas dentist and their team are committed to offering modern and effective treatment options to help manage periodontal disease to restore your oral form, function, and aesthetics.

Understanding periodontal disease

Periodontal disease or gum disease is a common dental infection caused by an increased bacterial infiltration that leads to the accumulation of plaque and calculus. The acids and toxins released from them erode the soft tissues (gingivitis) and may progress to the underlying jawbone (periodontitis), due to an inflammatory reaction by your body’s defense system. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to tooth loss. 


  • Discolored, puffy gums 
  • Gums bleed easily 
  • Receding gums 
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Gaps or spaces between your teeth (diastema)
  • Abscess with pus discharge
  • Malocclusion 

Advanced and effective treatment options for periodontal disease 

The treatment for periodontal disease depends on the extent and severity of the condition. Your dentist may adopt the following treatment approach: 

Non-surgical: This works well if you suffer from mild to moderate periodontal disease. 

  • Antibiotics
    • These are prescribed in the form of oral drugs or topical gels to fight infection
  • Scaling and root planning
    • These deep dental cleanings are routine procedures that allow the dentist to eliminate plaque, calculus, and bacteria beneath the gum line. 
    • Root planing involves eliminating plaque and calculus from the root surfaces; this helps prevent plaque adherence.  

Surgical: If you have moderate to severe periodontal disease, you will probably need surgical intervention. 

  • Flap surgery
    • An incision is made on your gums and a flap is raised to access the tooth roots and clean them thoroughly.
  • Bone grafting
    • This is an effective procedure to counteract bone loss by replacing the lost tissue with a graft material.
    • The graft may be your bone, donated bone, or a synthetic material.
  • Gum grafting
    • Gum grafting helps treat gum recession by placing a tissue graft around the affected teeth and suturing it. 
    • The graft is obtained from any part of your oral cavity that covers the exposed tooth roots.
  • Guided tissue regeneration
    • A special biocompatible material is placed between the bone and the affected tooth. 
  • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)
    • PRP is extracted from your blood sample and injected into the deficient areas to encourage bone growth. 

Bottom line 

Periodontal disease, though common, can be devastating. You may not be able to completely reverse periodontal disease, but you can easily manage the symptoms through early detection. 

Similar Posts